521 end of the world

Predicted in 2011 thriller “521 end of the world”

521 Christian organizations issued a frightening apocalyptic prophecies “end of the world will come less than 6 months”

The United States issued a terrifying prophecy of a Christian group, claiming that “the end will come less than 6 months”, the group’s interpretation of the Bible, that on May 21 this year, just 7 years Noah escaped, so according to the Bible, God’s warning, May 21 is the end of the world, a good coincidence, opened the first day of Arkansas appeared vision.

Hitchcock’s classic horror film an exact reproduction of the scene, birds fall from the sky, but it is only a dead bird out of the ground. Than the completion of the town resident: “really good horror, driving down the road will be down to the hundreds of birds, really is that bad.”

In addition to the floor dead bird, Arkansas bank also died suddenly appeared 100,000 on dead fish, which in the end is how is it? Chuanzao users will be attached to, direct that doomsday is coming. User: “Jesus came, he was man mad, ready, ready quickly, unless you do not want to prepare.”

God began to rain frogs, birds began to rain, warned that humanity is to repent, religious fanatics fuss, and Christian groups predicted that the Day of Judgement in the year 521.

Global Family Radio: “end of the world in close proximity, the holy God will be May 21, 2011 to bring the trial, the day God will be with human sin, and destroy the world.”

Independent of the orthodox Christian groups outside the Church “Global Family Radio” emphatic interpretation of the Bible, AD 4900 years ago, February 17th heaven flood, Noah’s Ark escaped, according to the Bible, calendar, in May of this year 21, just 7 years apart, in the eyes of God day is like a thousand years, and the Bible in 7 days warning of God to the world stage, coincide.

Loyal followers through the billboards, the Internet, widely distributed around end of message end of the world that believe it or not, visions of heaven, but there are other explanations, some users targeting the government, in the aerial spraying of unknown agents. User: “The birds just flew into the chemicals in this piece.” User: “field, the Earth’s magnetic field.”

Users have different opinions, the current official view is that fireworks or lightning, leading cause of death of birds caused panic crash, users have turned up their noses, and small town residents saw wearing protective clothing, full of dead birds pick up the staff, inevitably anxious hearts.

Than the completion of the town resident: “They said nothing, I would like to know, really a bit strange.”

Reporter: “I put it aside.”

Birds to hand off the gas at the press, whether it is doomsday, or conspiracy theory, and the birds die for no reasons, at least 521 this year, will be able to verify, in the end end of the world have come.

Quote: predicted in 2011 thriller “521 end of the world”


Kimberly Palmer, On Thursday 23 December 2010, 2:45 SGT

At the website MyLifeList.org, where people share their goals, some of the most popular, life-changing goals include becoming financially independent, buying a first home, and starting a business. All of those dreams take money, which is why we rounded up the best advice from financial experts on how to double your savings rate in the New Year. Here are their top ten suggestions:

[In Pictures: 12 Money Mistakes Almost Everyone Makes]

1) Create a personal net worth statement. You don’t have to be a millionaire to calculate your “net worth,” says Tami Peter of Bottomless Closet NYC, which helps disadvantaged women with their money and careers. Simply make a list of everything you own, including bank accounts, investments, cars and real estate. Then, subtract any debt, including a mortgage and credit card debt. The number you come up with is your personal net worth. Knowing what it is can help motivate you to slowly increase it and give you insight into your overall financial health.

2) Print out your monthly checking account and credit card statements. Peter says that there’s something about seeing spending in black and white that opens our eyes to our habits. “It’s easy to see the money spent on frivolous items and things we don’t use,” she says. Many banks now offer free software through customers’ online accounts that can automatically track spending and categorize where money is going.

3) Make a plan to change your habits. Justin Sinnott, a financial consultant in Charles Schwab’s Seattle branch, says that after reviewing your finances, it’s time to decide what you want to shift. For example, if you don’t already have enough money saved to fund a three to six month emergency fund, that’s a top priority. The Schwab website offers a free monthly budgeting tool that helps classify spending into necessities such as loans and housing and luxuries such as entertainment and restaurant meals.

4) Live well below your means. This simple concept is really the key to saving significant amounts of money. It might mean living in a smaller home, waiting to upgrade your cell phone, and cooking at home every day of the week, but as long as you live a lifestyle that’s cheaper than the one you can actually afford, you can build financial security.

5) Write down how much you want to save by the end of the year. The simple act of writing down your savings goal helps keep it at the forefront of your mind. You can write it on a kitchen calendar, a daily planner pad, or on a website such as MyLifeList.org or 43things.com. You can even share it on Facebook and Twitter. The more people know about it, the more they can cheer you on.

6) Ramp up your savings into tax-advantaged accounts. Retirement accounts such as 401(k)s allow you not only to save more money that grows in a tax-advantaged account, but also to take advantage of any matching benefits offered by your employer. The website PaycheckCity.com, run by Symmetry Software, allows users to calculate their net pay after making changes to their pre-tax retirement savings.

7) Review your long-term investments and consider rebalancing. Long-term investments usually do best in low-fee, diversified portfolios that match your age and desired risk level. If you don’t know what fees you are currently paying on your retirement accounts, ask your human resources office to help you find out. Since advisors recommend shifting into more conservative investments as we get closer to retirement, now is a good time to check in to see if it’s time to rebalance your investments.

[For more money-saving tips, visit the U.S. News Alpha Consumer blog.]

8) Stick with your investing plan, despite day-to-day market dips. Sinnott says that after you come up with a plan for your long-term savings and investments, it’s important to avoid changing up those plans because of breaking news and other events. “Don’t be de-railed by recent news without revisiting the big picture,” he says.

9) Reduce your debt payments. Given the current low-interest rates, some people might benefit from refinancing, says Sinnott. You can also reduce your monthly bills by using some of your savings to pay off any high-interest rate debt, including credit card debt, auto loans, and student loans. Evaluate how much you are paying each month in interest payments to decide whether you should pay off loans early.

10) Pay less for medical expenses. The Real Cost of Living author Carmen Wong Ulrich points out that you can deduct medical expenses from your taxes if they exceed 7.5 percent of your adjusted gross income. That means you might be able to save more money if you group medical expenses in a single year rather than spreading them out over several years. (Of course, you want to consider your health insurance coverage, as well, since you can also save money by staying below any spending limits.) In addition, be sure to take advantage of flexible spending accounts by keeping receipts and filing them before the due date.

Kimberly Palmer is the author of the new book Generation Earn: The Young Professional’s Guide to Spending, Investing, and Giving Back.


i spoke no other name

Posted: December 13, 2010 in ako, buhay ofw, love

I desire my wife.

I want to meet her and her be here with me.  I want her to say everything’s okay, and to be to hold her whenever I want.  My desire is to stare at like she’s the only woman I’ve ever seen and tell her she’s beautiful.  And she lights up.

There’s something about being with one person to grow old with.  Someone to share this life with.  I don’t want to have to go through it alone anymore.  I have friends.  The best friends in the world, but there’s something about falling asleep with someone you’re in love with.  Knowing that you’re holding on to more than a warm body.  You’re holding on to the person you’ve dreamed for.  My one.  Someone who I can speak straight to, and know that they aren’t judging me, and it’s not a battle of pride but of pure love.  A reflection of God.  Someone to affirm me.  Someone to say I’m doing what I’m supposed to be doing.  Someone that doesn’t just see me, but sees the man I will one day be sculpted into.  I desire the woman in the car ride home with me at night.  Not someone on the phone, and not a friend’s house I just left—someone in the passenger side laughing with me about the party we left, until we get back to our place.

I want someone to share these covers with.

Growing up is a hard thing, and it’s even harder to do it alone.  And living for my own life gets tiring after a while.  My picture frames are growing tired and lonely of just me.

This isn’t an attempt to woo, or to express a need for pity.  This is a real emotion being felt by a real person.  I love people and I love Christ, but that doesn’t change the fact that I still desire my wife.  I am Adam in the garden right now.  I am creating and naming things, but there is still something missing.  I have all this love ready to be written about and experienced, but I haven’t found the one to write it down for.  This journey for my life and happiness—I’m already on it.  I am happy and excited about where my life is going; but tables for one are getting harder to ask for.  Too many jokes and everyday events are going by for her not to be there to remember when we get old.

So I say this to you, my better half.  I am here waiting.  I am not out with other women.  I am not pursuing anyone else.  Instead, I am waiting to see your face.  I feel in some strange way that I have already seen it in faint remembrances of daydreams.  It’s like I can piece together your eyes and the flow of your hair, while the rest still remains blurry.

I am waiting for you.  Believe that when it is time, you will find yourself in the arms of a man.  One who has been preparing to meet you.  One who has prayed for you daily, and is building a life for you to sit at the kitchen table at.  If I haven’t met you, it’s because God is still preparing my heart—but rest assured that these lips speak no other name.  I am in love with you already, and I only know you as “the one.”  Goodnight beautiful.

-Jason O’Toole

(Source: memoir.jasonotoole.com)

this blog is dedicated to my one and only GIRL OF MY LIFE..



Posted: November 27, 2010 in ako, buhay ofw, onli in da pilipins

Rosales is an order of flowering plants, including nine families, the type family being the rose family Rosaceae. These nine families (see box, right) are those shown by the genetic analysis carried out by the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group to be related to each other. Their analysis showed that the old Cronquist system order of Urticales belongs within the Rosales. In the APG classification, well-known members of Rosales include: rosesstrawberriesblackberriesand raspberriesapples and pearsplumspeaches and apricotsalmondsrowan and hawthornelmsfigsnettles; and hops and cannabis. Apart from the Rosaceae itself, this is a complete change from the circumscription of the Rosales in the Cronquist system, listed below; these families have been removed to various other orders. The currently accepted family and/or order is shown in brackets:

Cherry fruit Prunus avium
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Rosales
Cannabaceae (hemp family)
Elaeagnaceae (oleaster/Russian olivefamily)
Moraceae (mulberry family)
Rhamnaceae (buckthorn family)
Rosaceae (rose family)
Ulmaceae (elm family)
Urticaceae (nettle family)


Posted: November 27, 2010 in albay, bicol, onli in da pilipins

Albay is a province of the Philippines located in the Bicol Region in Luzon. Its capital is Legazpi City and the province borders Camarines Sur to the north and Sorsogon to the south. Also to the northeast is Lagonoy Gulf.

Mayon Volcano is the symbol most associated with the province. This nearly perfectly-shaped active volcano forms a scenic backdrop to the capital city of Legazpi 15 kilometers to the south.


People and culture

Population Based on the August 2007 census, Albay has a total population of 1,190,823, which makes it the 20th most populous province in the country. There are 208,640 households in the province with an average size of 5.22 persons, significantly higher than the national average of 4.99.

Languages Bikol is the primary language spoken in Albay, being a part of the Bicol Region. There are other dialects spoken in the province, however, such as Bicolano Viejo, Daragueño, Legazpeño or Albayanon, Oasnon and others. The dialects spoken in the coastal areas of the province are similar to that spoken in Camarines Sur while those further inland are similar to each other but differs significantly from the coastal dialect. Majority of the inhabitants also understand Tagalog and English.


Long before the Spaniards arrived, Albay had a thriving civilization. This was evident in the archeological finds dating to the middle Pleistocene age between 200,000 to 300,000 years ago. During those times, Albay was called Ibat ruled by Gat Ibal, a very old chief.

In July 1569, Luis Enriquez de Guzman, a member of the expedition led by Maestro de Cam-po Mateo de Saz and Captain Martin de Goiti, led a group who crossed from Burias and Ticao islands and landed on a coastal settlement called Ibalon in what is presently the province of Sorsogon. From this point another expedition was sent to explore the interior and founded the town of Camalig.

In 1573, Juan de Salcedo penetrated the Bicol peninsula from the north as far south as Libon and established the settlement of Santiago de Libon. Jose Maria Peñaranda, a military engineer, was made “coregidor” of the province on May 14, 1834. He constructed public buildings and built roads and bridges.

The entire Bicol peninsula was organized as one province with two divisions, Camarines in the northwest, and Ibalon in the southeast. In 1636, the two partidos were separated, and Ibalon became a separate province with Sorsogon as capital. In the 17th century the Moro slave raiders ravaged the coastal areas of the province of Albay on the northeastern coast.

Mayon Volcano, in one of the most violent eruptions, destroyed five towns surrounding its base in 1814. This eruption forced the town of Cagsawa to relocate its present site to Legazpi.

A decree was issued by Governor and Captain General Narciso de Claveria in 1846 separating Masbate, Ticao and Burias from Albay to form the comandancia of Masbate. Albay was then divided into four districts: Iraya, Cordillera or Tabaco, Sorsogon and Catanduanes.

Glicerio Delgado, a condemned “insurecto” started the revolutionary activities in the province. With headquarters in the mountain of Guinobatan, he joined the revolutionary government of Albay as lieutenant of the infantry.

A unit of the Philippine Militia was then organized by the Spanish military authorities. Mariano Riosa was appointed major of the Tabaco Zone which comprised all the towns along the seacoast from Albay to Tiwi, while Anacieto Solano was also appointed as major for the Iraya Zone which was made up of the towns from Daraga to Libon. Each town was organized into sections of fifty men under the command of a lieutenant.

On September 22, 1898, the provisional revolutionary government of Albay was formed with Anacieto Solano as provisional president. Major General Vito Belarmino, appointed military commander, reorganized the Filipinos Army in the province.

During the Filipno-American War, Brigadier General William Kobbe headed the expedition that landed on the ports of Sorsogon, Bulan and Donsol. From there, the American marched to Legazpi and captured the place.

Although, a civil government was established in Albay on April 26, 1901, Colonel Harry H. Bandhortz, Commanding Officer of the Constabulary in the Bicol Region, attested that Simeon Ola, with a thousand of men, continued to defy American authority after the capture of Belarmino in 1901. Ola was later captured with about six hundred men.

During the Second World War, the Kimura Detachment of the Japanese Imeprial Forces occupied Legazpi on December 12, 1941. The region was defended only by the Philippine Constabulary unit under Major Francisco Sandico. [1]


Traditional industries. Agriculture is the main industry in Albay, which produces such crops as coconut, rice, sugar, and abacá. Handicrafts are the major source of rural income. It continuous to provide fairly large share in the small-scale industries of the province. Forestry and papermaking are another source of livelihood. The manufacture of abacá products such as Manila hemp,hats,bags,mats,and slippers is one of the main sources of income in the rural areas. Fishing is also done along both shores of the province. Tourism, primarily because of Mayon Volcano, also draws income for Albay.

Transportation. Albay is also the region’s principal trans-shipment point with its ports: Tabaco International, Legazpi National, Pio Duran Provincial, and the Pantao Regional Port.Legazpi City also has its own domestic airport which hopes to serve international flights in the near future.Legazpi Airport serves as Bicol’s gateway to Manila and the Visayas.


The nearly perfectly-shaped Mt. Mayon, serves as the backdrop for the city of Legazpi, Albay.

Albay has a total land area of 2,552.6 square kilometers, which makes it the 26th smallest province. Most of Albay is located on mainland Bicol Peninsula and it has four major islands to the east: Rapu-RapuBatan (part of Rapu-Rapu), Cagraray (largely part of Bacacay, with small area as part of Malilipot), and San Miguel (part of Tabaco City).

Lagonoy Gulf borders the province to the northeast, separating it from the province of CatanduanesBurias Island in the province Masbate can be found to the southwest across Burias Pass.

The province is generally mountainous with scattered fertile plains and valleys. Mayon Volcano, standing at around 2460 meters, is the most famous landform in Albay, and in the whole of Bicol, in fact. This active volcano is nearly perfectly-shaped and is considered by many to be more beautiful thanMt. Fuji in Japan. Other mountains and volcanoes in the province are Catburawan, Masaraga, Malinao, and Pantao.

On January 18, 2008, Albay Governor Joey Salceda and the Department of Science and Technology (DOST) Estrella Alabastro relaunched one of the country’s 4th upper-air receiving equipment in Albay worth P 18-million. The other upper-air receiving stations are in LaoagCebu, and TanayRizal.[2]


Joey Salceda, Governor of Albay Province

Albay is subdivided into 15 municipalities and 3 cities namely LegazpiLigaoTabaco. Seven of them, PolanguiDaragaGuinobatanCamaligOasLibon, andTiwi are classified as 1st class municipalities and it has 3 congressional districts.


City/Municipality No. of
Rank Mayor
Bacacay 56 61,574 9 Tobias Betito
Camalig 50 60,139 10 Carlos Irwin G. Baldo
Daraga 54 118.6 110,625 3 Gerry Jaucian
Guinobatan 44 74,386 6 Juan M. Garcia II
Jovellar 23 17,815 18 Jorem Archangel
Legazpi City 70 204.20 179,481 1 Geraldine Rosal
Libon 48 68,846 7 Agnes P. Dycoco
Ligao City 55 246.40 101,179 4 Linda P. Gonzales
Malilipot 18 33,593 14 Roli Volante
Malinao 29 39,516 13 Avelino C. Ceriola
Manito 15 21,625 17 Cesar S. Daep
Oas 53 291.73 63,888 8 Gregorio H. Ricarte
Pio Duran 33 44,972 12 Dante R. Arandia
Polangui 44 77,122 5 Cherilie Sampal
Rapu-Rapu 34 32,646 15 Nora Onate
Santo Domingo 23 30,711 16 Herbie Aguas
Tabaco City 47 117.14 123,513 2 Cielo Krisel Lagman-Luistro
Tiwi 25 49,185 11 Jaime C. Villanueva


—  Province


Map of the Philippines with Albay highlighted

Coordinates: 13°14′N 123°38′ECoordinates13°14′N 123°38′E
Country Philippines
Region Bicol Region (Region V)
Founded March 10, 1917
Capital Legazpi City
– Governor Joey Salceda (Liberal)
– Total 2,565.77 km2 (990.6 sq mi)
Area rank 56th out of 80
Population (2007)
– Total 1,190,823
– Rank 20th out of 80
– Density 464.1/km2 (1,202.1/sq mi)
– Density rank 10th out of 80
– Independent cities 0
– Component cities 3
– Municipalities 15
– Barangays 720
– Districts 1st to 3rd districts of Albay
Time zone PHT (UTC+8)
ZIP Code 4500-4517
Spoken languages BikolAlbayanoTagalog



Ligao City ALBAY

Posted: November 27, 2010 in albay, bicol, onli in da pilipins

Ligao City is a 4th class city in the province of AlbayPhilippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 101,179 people in 17,031 households. Ligao City is strategically located in the heart of the Third District of Albay. Ligao City is a newly created city being born only last March 24, 2001 during a plebiscite with an overwhelming Yes vote of 17,754 as against 1,387 No votes. It was created by virtue of R.A. No. 9008, signed by President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo last February 21, 2001, known as an Act Converting the Municipality of Ligao into a Component City of the Province of Albay, the third city of the province and the sixth city in the Bicol Region.

Ligao City is located 502 kilometers south of Manila. Centrally located in the 3rd District of Albay, it is bounded on the north by the municipality of Oas; on the south by the municipality of Guinobatan, Tabaco on the east and Pioduran on the West. It is 27 kilometers from the Provincial Capitol of Albay and approximately 30 kilometers from Legazpi City.

Ligao has a total land area of 24,640 hectares, 23.05 percent of which are fertile flatlands suitable for high value crops and 76.95 percent are mountainous and hilly terrain with potential for agriculture and traversed by secondary rivers. Tertiary rivers originate from Mt. Masaraga and Mayon Volcano located at the south and eastern side of the city. Ligao’s soil is generally fertile giving great flexibility practically to all types of crops. There are six common soil types found in the city: Ligao loam; Guinobatan sandy loam; Mauraro gravelly sandy loam; Libon silt; Tigaon clay and Sevilla clay. Ligao City is a 4th class city in the province of Albay composed of 55 barangays, 11 urban and 41 rural and with 3 coastal barangays. The 2000 Census placed its population at 90,603 in 17,031 households.

The population of Ligao City is a mixture of traits and culture because of its strategic location. Ligao City is centrally located in the 3rd district of Albay being the converging point of population from the surrounding municipalities of Pioduran on the west, Tabaco on the east, Oas and Polangui on the north and Guinobatan on the south. Because of the accessibility of the place lying along the Pan Philippine Highway that stretches from Aparri in the north through Davao in the south, people as far as these places has come to settle in Ligao City bringing along with them their own culture and tradition.

The dialects varies as the people who came to settle, from the Ilocano dialect to Kapampangan to Tagalog, Visayan and even transient Muslim traders with their own dialects. But Ligao City has a distinct dialect which differs in pronunciation, meaning and spelling even from other Bicol dialects. The local dialect is quite similar to Kinaray-a, a dialect in Antique.

Roman Catholic is the dominant religion accounting for 96.92 percent of the population as of 1995. Religious tolerance is practiced among the inhabitants as indicated by various denominations present in the city. SELECTED INDICATORS FOR LIGAO CITY
Total Population 2000 90,603

Male 2000 45,692
Female 2000 44,911

Population Growth Rate 2000 2.47 Sex Ratio (males per 100 females) 2000 101.7 Household Population 2000 90,536

Male 2000 45,658
Female 2000 44,878

Number of Households 2000 17,031 Average Household Size (Persons/HH) 2000 5.32 Number of Occupied Housing Units 2000 16,885 Households in Occupied Housing Units 2000 17,031 Source: 2000 Census of Population and Housing, National Statistics Office

Infrastructure and Utilities

Road Network

Ligao City has a total road length of 237.36 kilometers, 66.75 kilometers of which are national roads, 43.96 kilometers are provincial roads, 9.17 kilometers are city roads and 117.48 kilometers of barangay roads.


Two cable television companies and four telephone companies operate within the city. Two courier services, a post office and two of the country’s biggest cellular network providers (Smart and Globe) and an FM radio station (DZRH Radio Natin) also operate within the city providing the communication needs of the people.

Water Supply

Ligao City Water District serves a total of 3,197 households in the urban area collected from 23 spring sources. Springs are the major source of water for human consumption, irrigation, aquatic resources and agri-industrial use. Almost 90 percent of water supply is sourced from spring, the rest of the needs are taken from ground water. Ground water has been unreliable both in supply and quality due to lowering of groundwater level as well as the presence of chemicals in the ground.


There are 13 private pre-schools located in the urban barangays. This is not to mention the pre-schools integrated in the public school system in the elementary schools located in Ligao West Central School, Ligao East Central School and in Pandan Elementary School. These three elementary schools are under the Model of Excellence Program prescribed by the Harrington Foundation. Pre-school education is also being offered in 74 day care centers situated in 55 barangays citywide manned by day care volunteers hired by the City Government. All the teaching materials in the day care centers are provided free by the local government.

The public elementary schools of Ligao City are covered by two school districts – the West and East District. The West District covers 20 schools while the East District is composed of 27 schools. There are four private elementary schools in the city.

The city is operating and maintaining the Ligao Community College. Having no facilities of its own, the college is using the school facilities of the Ligao National High School. Courses offered include Bachelor of Science major in PEHM, English, Math, Economics, Political Science and Associate in Arts. Computer courses such as Computer Secretarial and Computer Technician are being offered by two privately-run technical schools, the Albay Institute of Technology and the Mayon Institute of Science and Technology. The Information Technology Center located at the Ligao National High School compound offers free computer courses to the city’s constituents. The curriculum is TESDA accredited and the graduates are presented with TESDA certificates.


The name Ligao is derived from the local word “ticao”, once an abundant tree whose poisonous leaves were used to catch fish in rivers or creeks. Most Ligaoeños, however, believe that the name Ligao was originally “licau” which means to take the long way around or to turn away from the ordinary or usual route.

Ligao started as a small settlement known as Cavasi in the 16th century. It grew in population as it attracted natives from nearby settlements. Eventually, power struggles among ambitious and aggressive leaders caused trouble as they created divisions among the settlement. There arose five divisions led by maginoos (chieftains): Pagkilatan, Maaban, Sampoñgan, Makabongay and Hokoman. Peace was only restored when Chieftain Pagkilatan was appointed supreme leader over the entire settlement with the approval of the other chieftains.

The town was founded as a barrio of Polangui in 1606, being ceded to Oas in 1665, and finally becoming an independent municipality in 1666.


Ligao City is politically subdivided into 55 barangays.

  • Abella
  • Allang
  • Amtic
  • Bacong
  • Bagumbayan (Pob.)
  • Balanac
  • Baligang
  • Barayong
  • Basag
  • Batang
  • Bay
  • Binanowan
  • Binatagan (Pob.)
  • Bobonsuran
  • Bonga
  • Busac
  • Busay
  • Cabarian
  • Calzada (Pob.)
  • Catburawan
  • Cavasi
  • Culliat
  • Dunao (Pob.)
  • Francia
  • Guilid (Pob.)
  • Herrera
  • Layon
  • Macalidong
  • Mahaba
  • Malama
  • Maonon
  • Nasisi
  • Nabonton
  • Oma-Oma
  • Palapas
  • Pandan
  • Paulba
  • Paulog
  • Pinamaniquian
  • Pinit
  • Ranao-Ranao
  • San Vicente
  • Santa Cruz (Pob.)
  • Tagpo
  • Tambo
  • Tandarora
  • Tastas
  • Tinago (Pob.)
  • Tinampo
  • Tiongson
  • Tomolin
  • Tuburan
  • Tula-Tula Grande
  • Tula-Tula Pequeño
  • Tupas
—  City

Map of Albay showing the location of Ligao City.

Ligao is located in Philippines 


Location in the Philippines

Coordinates: 13°13′N 123°31′ECoordinates13°13′N 123°31′E
Country Philippines
Region Bicol Region (Region V)
Province Albay
District 3rd district of Albay
Barangays 55
– Mayor Linda Gonzalez Lakas-CMD
– Total 308.90 km2 (119.3 sq mi)
Population (2007)
– Total 101,179
– Density 327.5/km2 (848.3/sq mi)
Time zone PHT (UTC+8)
ZIP Code
Income class 4th class city; partially urban

Scouts Royale Brotherhood (abbreviated as SRB) is an International Fraternity based in the Philippines. It was founded by brothers of Alpha Phi Omega-Philippines at San Sebastian College (Alpha Delta Chapter) to extend Alpha Phi Omega’s principles to the High School Level. The purpose of the Fraternity is to Assemble High School and eventually College students in order to develop Leadership, to promote Friendship, and to Render Service to Humanity.


Scouts Royale Brotherhood was originally formed and conceptualized as an organization among high school students. It was founded by the members of the Alpha Delta chapter of Alpha Phi Omega-Philippines : Lord Len Toledo, Lord Bong Manuel,Lord Jun Cristobal, Lord Vic Tomelden, and Lord Cary Lazo as the National Adviser,with the purpose of expanding APO’s principles of Leadership, Friendship & Service, and Scouting in the intermediate students. It was founded on September 22, 1975 at San Sebastian College with 37 chartered members. Bro. Vicente “Bing” Marabut (+) was declared the “EL DULCE” or “the leader.”

From being a fraternity exclusively for high school students, SRB evolved and developed into an independent (inter)national service fraternity catering to both high school and college students. While it evolved to be an independent and separate entity to that of Alpha Phi Omega (APO), SRB is a consistent ally and friend of all APO brothers united by a common and undeniable fraternal bloodline as well as optimum principles such as developing effective and democratic leadership, fostering friendship and rendering service to all.

SRB Cardinal Principles


Scouts Royale Brotherhood develops leaders and is very proud of that. As we grow, we seek qualities of leadership, and through our lives, we pursue the development of these qualities and the development of other ‘well-rounded’ valued. Through our leadership development program as proivided by the Scouts Royale Brotherhood, brothers and sisters were able to develop ourselves. And, as we aspire for greater things in life, we also become aware of limiting factors—things which we can’t control,. Yet, this external forces that ultimately shaped our destiny as we learned to control and develop what we have inside of us. Thus, we discovered our own talents and strengths and strive to develop better our skills. We study, we learn, we unlearn, we practice, we lead.


Brotherhood is the spirit of friendship. It implies respect, honesty and solidarity. It means that we go beyond our differences and instead emphasize on collective action as we join together in unselfish service. It means listening to Brothers whose views on issues might differ from our own. It means working closely with people whom under other circumstances we might not choose as our friends.


SRB’s Chapter service program provides many opportunities for the development of social awareness, friendship and leadership skills. Participation in our service program helps make Scouts Royale Brotherhood the unique fraternal organization that it is.

SRB Jewels


A Scout Royale Brotherhood tells the truth. He keeps his promises. Honesty is part of his /hercode of conduct. People can depend on him.


A Scout Royale Brotherhood is true to his family, Scout leaders, friends, school, and nation.


A Scout Royale Brotherhood is concerned about other people. He does things willingly for others without pay or reward.


A Scout Royale Brotherhood is a friend to all. He is a brother to other Scouts. He seeks to understand others. He respects those with ideas and customs other than his own.


A Scout Royale Brotherhood is polite to everyone regardless of age or position. He knows good manners make it easier for people to get along together.


A Scout Royale Brotherhood understands there is strength in being gentle. He treats others as he wants to be treated.


A Scout Royale Brotherhood follows the rules of his family, school, and troop. He obeys the laws of his community and country. If he thinks these rules and laws are unfair, he tries to have them changed in an orderly manner rather than disobey them.


A Scout Royale Brotherhood looks for the bright side of things. He cheerfully does tasks that come his way. He tries to make others happy.


A Scout Royale Brotherhood works to pay his way and to help others. He saves for unforeseen needs. He protects and conserves natural resources. He carefully uses time and property.


A Scout Royale Brotherhood can face danger even if he is afraid. He has the couraget o stand for what he thinks is right even if others laugh at or threaten him.


A Scout Royale Brotherhood keeps his body and mind fit and clean. He goes around with those who believe in living by these same ideals. He helps keep his home and community clean.


A Scout Royale Brotherhood is reverent toward God. He is faithful in his religious duties. He respects the beliefs of others.

Scout Oath and Law

   "On my honor I will do my best
   to do my duty to God and my Country
   and to obey the Scout Law;
   to help other people at all times;
   to keep myself physically strong,
   mentally alert, and morally upright."

SRB’s 37 Chartered School Chapters

SRB’s chartered chapters are based on Alpha Phi Omega-Philippines” 37 chartered chapters. It could be recalled during the early days of SRB, different APO chapters were instrumental in its formation. Thus, before if there was an APO Alpha Chapter, there is also a corresponding SRB Alpha chapter. Hence, the two groups share the same chapter names for the 37 schools.

However, through the years the succeeding chapters organized by SRB as well as the introduction of community chapters no longer are in unison with APO-Philippines as it already has different councils and registration mechanisms. Yet, SRB like APO still uses Greek letters to identify legitimate chapters.

The 37 chartered schools are often part of SRB’s indoctrinization and is encouraged to be known by heart by all SRB members.


SRB – Scouts Royale Brotherhood Inc. International Service Fraternity and Sorority, SEC. Reg. No.: CN200518848
Founded September 22, 1975
San Sebastian CollegeManila, Philippines
Type International Service Fraternity and Sorority
Scope For High School and College students
Mission Statement To develop leadership, to promote friendship, to render service
Vision Statement SRB is SRB
Motto Be a Leader, Be a Friend, Be of Service
Maxim May We Always Be
Colors BlueGold
Symbol Scout Sign
Flower Fleur-de-lisForget-me-not
Jewel Diamond
Publication Torch and trefoil
Chapters High School and Collegiate
Headquarters San Sebastian Churchyard
Manila, , Philippines
Homepage http://www.srb-lfs.org